A slew of new gun laws passed by the Texas legislature went into effect Sunday, less than 24 hours after a man with a rifle opened fire at a traffic stop near Midland and Odessa, killing seven people and injuring 22 more.
Earlier this month, a gunman in El Paso opened fire at a Walmart and killed 22 people and injured 24 others.
The five mass shootings that have occurred in Texas since 2017 have left a total of 72 people dead and 78 others wounded.
The new laws loosen restrictions on when and where guns can be carried, including in churches, schools, apartments and disaster zones.
HB 1143 prevents public school districts and open-enrollment charter school districts from regulating how individuals with gun licenses store their fire arms and ammunition in their vehicle in school parking lots.
HB 1387 removes limitations on the number of faculty and staff per campus that can be armed and designated as school marshals. Before this law, there could only be one marshal per 200 students or one marshal per school building.
PLACES OF WORSHIP
SB 535 allows licensed handgun owners to carry in churches, mosques, synagogues and other houses of worship unless posted otherwise.
AFTER FEDERAL OR STATE DISASTERS ARE DECLARED
HB 1177 allows Texans to carry firearms without a license for a full week after a declared state of disaster if they’re not already prohibited by law from having a gun. The law also allows disaster shelters to accommodate people with firearms.
AT APARTMENTS, HOMES AND OTHER PRIVATE PROPERTIES
HB 302 prohibits residential lease agreements from restricting lawful possession of a firearm by tenants, guests, owners and landlords.
HB 2363 updated how firearms can be stored in certain foster homes. Previously,
HB 121 defends holders with a License to Carry who trespass in a space that prohibits guns — as long as the individual with the gun promptly leaves the property after being asked.
Pressure increases on Abbott
A longtime advocate for loosening gun restrictions, Governor Greg Abbott has come under increased pressure to call lawmakers back for a special session after the most recent shootings. Abbott brushed the idea away at a town hall last month, saying he didn’t think a special session was necessary to act.
The state’s Republican-led legislature meets every other year and won’t reconvene until 2021 unless a special session is called.
This past Friday, a day before the shootings in Midland and Odessa, the governor convened the first meeting of the Domestic Terrorism Task Force that was formed after the El Paso mass shooting.
The task force, whose members include Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick, Texas House Speaker Dennis Bonnen and Attorney General Ken Paxton, will study and provide advice on strategies to maximize law enforcement officials’ abilities to protect against acts of domestic terrorism, according to a press release from the governor’s office.
Domestic terrorism, as it’s defined by the FBI, includes acts that are “perpetrated by individuals and/or groups inspired by or associated with primarily U.S. based movements that espouse extremist ideologies of a political, religious, social, racial or environmental nature.”
Abbott announced the task force will meet quarterly and proposed short-term and long-term solutions to prevent future acts of domestic terrorism that will be spelled out in a public report next month.